earth climate You may have noticed that the climate in your region has changed over time. Here is a forecast of the results of climate change in the U.S. regions.

The Northwest
The natural storage of water in the form of snowpack in the Cascade Mountain range will decrease. Melted snowpack is used for drinking water, crop irrigation, and river flow. Most of the electricity in the Northwest is supplied by hydroelectricity, which will be in higher demand with rising air temperatures. The changes will also affect forest fire risk, lessened tree growth and more insect populations.

The Southwest
By the end of the 21st century, the weather is predicted to become up to 8 degrees warmer here. This brings less melted snow into the Colorado River, a water source for the area. The lack of water will become a serious issue. In other areas, climate change doubles the risk of flooding from snowmelt. Air quality affect our health. The region's agriculture will lower in productivity, leading to lessened food supplies and increased prices across the nation.

The Great Plains
With most of the land in the Great Plains used for farming, extreme heat and drought will damage this region. Pests that cannot currently withstand the colder temperatures north will migrate there as it warms. Certain wildlife habitats will be endangered as shallow lakes become dry.

The Midwest
The flat prairies of the Midwest are used for farming and grazing livestock. Climate change will affect people's health due to excessive heat and worsened air quality. Pests, such as ticks and mosquitoes, will thrive due to warmer winters. Air pollution will increase as ground-level ozone levels rise. Increases in rainfall will cause flooding, travel disruptions, and service failures.

Rain dropThe Southeast
Rainfall in autumn has already increased here by 30%. Yet there will be great periods of drought in sections. Temperatures are expected to rise 9 degrees by 2080. The coastlines in the region are disappearing due to hurricanes, erosion, and flooding. Saltwater runoff from the ocean will mix with aquifiers, lessening the water safety of the region. Heat-related deaths and respiratory illnesses will increase.

The Northeast
The Northeast is not equipped to deal well with intense heat waves or torrential rains. Cranberries grown on Cape Cod may no longer be able to flourish there. Apples, blueberries, maple syrup, dairy products and grains will be difficult to produce over time. Air quality will be greatly diminished, leading to respiratory health issues.

alaska yukonAlaska
The Permafrost, frozen ground below the land's surface, will thaw, damaging structures built upon it. Highways, railroads, and airstrips will be ruined, as many of these are built on Permafrost. The forests' tree root systems will become vulnerable, also endangering animal and plant ecosystems. Plant life will invade the tundra, resulting in the loss of lichen, a winter food for caribou, who are themselves food sources for bears and wolves. The sea ice is melting in the Arctic Ocean, making walruses and polar bears lose their homes.

Tropical Islands
Puerto Rico, Hawaii, Guam, the Samoans and the U.S. Virgin Islands experience tropical storms, hurricanes, more acidic waters on the coast and typhoons are occurring. Coral reefs and forests are becoming stressed due to pollution and the changes in climate.

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